Andrology Laboratory Services
The Department of Urology Andrology Laboratory is licensed clinical laboratory facility that provides testing for conditions related to male infertility.
Diagnostic Semen Analysis
Semen analysis is usually performed when evaluating a man’s fertility potential. Semen analysis assesses the quantity and quality of semen produced in an ejaculate. A complete semen analysis describes the seminal fluid (volume, color, viscosity, liquefaction, pH); and evaluates the sperm within the seminal fluid (count, motility, morphology, viability).
Testing for Retrograde Ejaculation
If semen volume is low or absent, the underlying cause may be investigated. One possible cause is the condition of retrograde ejaculation, in which sperm are released into the man’s bladder at the time he has an orgasm. To test for possible retrograde ejaculation, urine is collected after orgasm. The urine is examined for the presence of sperm.
Sperm DNA Fragmentation Testing
This specialized test assesses the quality of DNA in sperm. The test measures the amount of fragmented DNA within sperm cells. High amounts of DNA fragmentation may indicate a reduced ability of sperm to fertilize an egg, or may affect the quality of the fertilized egg.
Sperm Aneuploidy Testing
This specialized test determines the percentage of sperm with abnormal numbers of chromosomes. Sperm cells usually have 23 chromosomes. If a sperm cell has more or less than 23 chromosomes, this condition is called sperm aneuploidy. If a man has a high rate of sperm aneuploidy, this condition may interfere with successful pregnancy.
Fertility Preservation (Sperm Banking)
The Department of Urology Andrology Laboratory offers fertility preservation services to male patients. Fertility preservation is recommended for men who wish to father healthy children in the future, but who may be unable to do so because of an impending medical condition that damages or depletes their sperm. Fertility preservation is indicated for the following patients.
• Men about to undergo chemotherapy or radiation treatments for cancer.
• Men about to undergo surgery that could affect future fertility.
• Men with decreased sperm counts due to illness or other conditions.
• Men with concerns about contracting the Zika virus.
• Men who are planning to have a vasectomy and want to keep their childbearing options open.
• Men about to undergo a sex change operation.
• Men with other concerns about future fertility.